Manual therapy is a non-surgical type of conservative management that includes different skilled hands-on techniques directed to the patient’s body (spine and extremities) for the purpose of assessing, diagnosing, and treating a variety of symptoms and conditions. Some of the more commonly used techniques include Mobilisation, Manipulation, Soft Tissue Massage, and Muscle Energy Techniques.
Manual therapy can be helpful for the treatment of joints that lack adequate mobility and range of motion. This can cause discomfort, pain, and a dysfunction in function, posture, and movement. Manual therapy can help restore mobility to stiff joints and reduce muscle tension in order to allow you to regain their normal movement and function without pain. There is available evidence on the effectiveness of spinal manipulation and mobilisation for low back pain, cervicogenic headache, neck pain, thoracic pain, and for several extremity joint conditions. Massage has also been shown to be effective in adults with chronic low back and neck pain. Also, a study showed that manual therapy techniques may be more cost-effective than many other forms of treatment for improving low back and shoulder pain/disability